The figure of Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj (1627-1680 CE) is one of the most influential in contemporary Maharashtra. His legacy is also deeply contested. The Hindutva movement has attempted to cast him as the restorer of a Hindu polity. In sharp contrast, in this talk Com. Govind Pansare draws on Bahujan traditions to present Shivaji as a peasant-king. That such contestations have a deep contemporary significance is apparent from the fact that Com. Pansare was assassinated in 2015.